The bee´s venom, also known as Apis Toxin (from the Latin: apis, bee and the Greek toxikón, venom). It is produced by the acid secretion glands and another from the alkaline secretion included inside the worker bee´s stomach. It is introduced into our skin at a rate of 0,3 mg per sting, through the bee´s stinger.
The bee´s stinger is made up of a long, sharp, pointed stiletto, about 2 mm long, that enlarges to 0.1 mm in diameter. There are several small sharp teeth on this stiletto, some of which are 0,03 long. These teeth are what hold the stinger in place when the bee stings someone. This causes the bee to lose its stinger and to die. When a bee stings someone the stiletto penetrates the object it stings up to half its length.
The bee´s venom is transparent, with an accentuated honey scent and a bitter acid taste. Its density is 1,1313. One drop placed on a sheet of ph. paper turns it red immediately, which indicated an acid reaction. It can be considered to be a violent endothelium venom plus a marked smooth muscle stimulant.
The biological activity of the Apia toxin.
The therapeutic value of the bee´s venom is due mainly to its hemorrhagic and neurotoxin properties. These are some of the multiple effects of the venom:
- It dilates the capillary veins, accelerates and intensifies the blood´s circulation.
- It possesses anticoagulant qualities.
- It has strong hemorrhagic effects.
- It possesses neurotropic action, that is to say, it improves the metabolism of the central and peripheral nervous systems.
- It is able to eliminate the depression of the suprarenal glands produced by steroid hormones.
- It has a bacteriostatic effect.
- It has a local anesthetic effect.
- It improves the functions of the liver.
- It improves the function of the brain.
- It cures myocardial diseases
- It has immunological actions for the treatment of rheumatic illnesses.
The bee´s venom is one of the products that has more therapeutic properties, and that is being studied by world scientists at present.